Project References

This page contains full reference to the films and texts that have been re-appropriated in Closures for the academic and creative purposes of the video thesis and in the interests of sharing research openly.


La Sortie de usines Lumière. 1894. Directed by Auguste and Louis Lumière. France: Lumière.

Démolition d’un mur. 1896. Directed by Auguste and Louis Lumière. France: Lumière.

L’arrivée d’un train à La Ciotat. 1896. Directed by Auguste and Louis Lumière. France: Lumière.

Electric Edwardians: The Films of Mitchell and Kenyon. 1900-1906. Directed by Sagar Mitchell and James Kenyon. UK, London: BFI Video Publishing.

Man with a Movie Camera. 1929. Directed by Dziga Vertov. Soviet Union: VUFKU.

West of the Tracks (Tie Xi Qu). 2003. Film. Directed by Wang Bing. China, Netherlands: Wang Bing Film Workshop, Hubert Bals Fund of the Rotterdam Festival.

Still Life (Sanxia haoren). 2006. Film. Directed by Jia Zhangke. China, Hong Kong: Xstream Pictures.

24 City (Er shi si cheng ji). 2008. Directed by Jia Zhangke. China, Hong Kong, Japan: Bandai Visual Company.

Haggarts of Huddersfield. 2015. Directed by Kelly Zarins. UK, Leeds: Trinity Vision.


André, M & J.[no date available] ‘Effets de foule’, Une Saison Lumière, p.78.

Bíró, Y. 2008. ‘Tender is the Regard: I Don’t Want to Sleep Alone and Still Life’ Film Quarterly. 61 (4), pp. 3440.

Gunning, T. 2004. ‘Pictures of Crowd Splendor: The Mitchell and Kenyon Factory Gate Films’. In: V. Toulmin, S. Popple, P. Russell, eds. The Lost World of Mitchell and Kenyon, Edwardian Britain on Film. London: British Film Institute, pp.4958.

Von Moltke, Johannes. “Ruin Cinema”. In Ruins of Modernity, edited by Julia Hell and Andreas. Schönle, 395-417. Durham, N.C: Duke University Press, 2010. (source of Kraucer citation in )

Yau, E.C.M. 2010 ‘Film and Digital Video as Testimony of Chinese Modernity: Trauma, History, and Writing’. Cinema Journal, 50 (1), pp. 154162.

Zhangke, Jia. Interview: Festival de Cannes. “English Press Kit Er shi si cheng ji”. Accessed April 14 2012,